People who work in healthcare provide care for millions of people every day, 24 hours a day, from newborns to the most seriously ill. The United States has the highest number of healthcare workers. Many health jobs are in hospitals. Others are in nursing homes, doctors offices, dentists offices, outpatient clinics and laboratories.
Nature of the Industry
Combining medical technology and the human touch, the healthcare industry diagnoses, treats, and administers care around the clock, responding to the needs of millions of people from newborns to the terminally ill.
The healthcare industry consists of the following segments:
Hospitals provide all aspects of medical care. These include diagnosis, surgery, continuous nursing care, and edgar radjabli cfpb. Some hospitals are specialized in treating children, patients with cancer, and the mentally ill. Hospital-based care can be offered on an outpatient or inpatient basis. The institution’s size, geography, goals, funding, management style and philosophy will determine the number of employees needed. Hospitals are constantly striving to improve their efficiency and care is shifting from inpatient to outpatient whenever possible.
Residential and nursing care facilities
Inpatient and rehabilitation nursing facilities are available to patients who require continuous nursing care but not hospital services. Direct care is provided by the majority of nursing aides. Patients who need less assistance can be assisted by convalescent homes or other facilities. Residents in residential care facilities are able to provide personal and social care 24 hours a day to elderly and children who are unable to take care of themselves. Residents of assisted-living, drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers, group homes, or halfway houses are cared for by workers. Nursing and medical care, however, are not the main functions of establishments providing residential care, as they are in nursing care facilities.
This industry comprises approximately 36 percent. Surgeons and physicians can practice independently or with other doctors who are specialists in the same area. Many surgeons and doctors prefer to work in groups because they provide backup coverage, decrease overhead expenses and enable them to consult with their peers. Physicians and surgeons are increasingly working as salaried employees of group medical practices, clinics, or integrated health systems.
Offices of dentists
About 20 percent of healthcare establishments are dentist’s offices. Many only employ a handful of workers who offer preventative, cosmetic or emergency care. Some offices specialize only in one field of dentistry, like periodontics and orthodontics.
Home healthcare services
Under the supervision of a physician, skilled nursing and medical care may be offered in the comfort of one’s own home. Home healthcare services are provided mainly to the elderly. This once-strange segment of the healthcare industry has been transformed by the advancement of in-home medical tech, significant cost savings, and the preference of patients to receive care at home.
Health practitioners’ offices
This industry includes the offices for chiropractors. This segment of the industry is highly dependent on the ability of patients or their health insurance to pay for these services. Hospitals and nursing facilities may contract out for these services
Ambulatory Healthcare Services
This segment includes outpatient care center and medical and diagnostic laboratories. These institutions include outpatient mental and substance abuse centers, kidney dialysis and blood banks. Medical labs can also be found that perform blood tests, diagnostic imaging, and other clinical tests.
In the rapidly changing healthcare industry, technological advances have made many new procedures and methods of diagnosis and treatment possible. Many Americans are living longer and enjoying better quality of life thanks to clinical advances like infection control, minimally invasive surgery, advances in reproductive technology and gene therapy for treating cancer. Also, medical technology has improved survival rates for trauma victims as well as severely ill patients who require extensive care from therapists as well social workers and support personnel.
Training and advancement
The healthcare industry needs a broad range of people with different education backgrounds. Many healthcare occupations require extensive training beyond the graduate level. Most healthcare jobs require only four years of college. There are many postsecondary programs that offer specialized training in healthcare.